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A brief history of the Cleveland Orchestra

It would be difficult to find a city less likely than Cleveland [Ohio] to host one of the greatest orchestras in the world. Even in its heyday as a manufacturing powerhouse, beginning in 1900 and lasted until a little after mid-century – the city is home to steel plants, auto assembly plants, and Nela Park General Electric – the city pales in comparison to many their neighbors in the Midwest as Detroit and Pittsburgh. Later, a reputation for ineptitude was won because it was the first major US city to declare bankruptcy, and its primary running water (from the Cuyahoga River) celebrates burned down in the 1970s because of rampant pollution.

All municipal history past aside, however, the Cleveland Orchestra remains high in the world of classical music. The organization was founded in 1918 by a group of local citizens Adella Prentiss Hughes led by a professional pianist and budding entrepreneur whose efforts to create a classic set citywide first succeeded. She convinced of Russia Nikolai Sokoloff original driver leave his post in San Francisco to become the musical director of the orchestra. It was one of the first drivers in North America to open auditions for women and insisted that they receive the same pay as their male counterparts. Sokoloff remained with the Cleveland Orchestra until 1932.

The post-World War II years saw the orchestra to achieve world-class classification under the direction of George Szell, Hungarian-born conductor whose demanding standards and precise musicality created a distinctive sound that emulated the best of the best European teams. Szell served as music director of the Cleveland Orchestra, in addition to serving as principal conductor from 1946 to 1970. During his tenure, the orchestra has made hundreds of recordings – many of them to Columbia Records – and became best known for play music romantic German composers as Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann and.

Severance Hall is the official home of the Cleveland Orchestra. It is located east of the city of Cleveland, in the University Circle area, an area that also houses the city museum of art, museum of the car, and the campus of Case Western Reserve University. Opened in 1931 and named after John L. Severance pattern, whose father was treasurer of the Standard Oil Company of John D. Rockefeller, the building was designed by the local firm of Walker & Weeks. Georgian architecture dominates the structure, but the elements of other styles are also present, including Art Deco Egyptian Revival, and New French. The opening night concert included a performance of an orchestral version of Passacaglia of JS Bach and the Symphony No. 1 by Johannes Brahms.

While Severance Hall was hailed as one of the best concert halls in the country, its acoustics are not meeting the standards deemed necessary musical director Szell. In 1958, he hired a team of sound engineers who had already redesigned the Vienna State Opera. Its recommendations include building a stadium curved solid maple shell and with the support of chambers filled with sand to nine feet tall. With the removal of carpets and side curtains of the auditorium, these changes have greatly improved the overall sound. A major renovation took place in 1997 at a cost of nearly $ 37 million, including the restoration of the organ 6025 EM Skinner pipe installation. The official reopening was observed on 8 January 2000. Today, the concert hall seats 2100 and the concert hall for up to 400 audience members.

Besides all the indoor season Severance Hall, from September to May, the Cleveland Orchestra has been performing outdoors at Blossom Music Center since 1968. The summer season generally runs from July 4 Day labor. The cover of the amphitheater holds 5700, while more than 13,000 additional people can be accommodated in the large lawn in front of the bandstand. The facility is located in the suburbs of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, about 30 miles south of downtown Cleveland.

The end of the teacher Lorin Maazel managed Szell and served as musical director of ten years. Christoph von Dohnányi took office in 1984, and Franz Welser-Most was appointed director of the orchestra seventh in 2002. Under the direction of the latter, the orchestra has experienced a number of high-profile residences. These have included annual visits to Carnegie Hall in New York, the main center for the Performing Arts in Miami, Florida, and the Musikverein in Vienna, the first American orchestra to grant this honor. In 2011, the Cleveland Orchestra has also started a new residence with the Lincoln Center Festival in New York.

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